## What is expected of your child for Primary 1 maths?

## What does your child need to know about maths before P1?

During the recent Primary 1 registration, I was feeling the jitters as the school I had wanted to enrol my oldest child in was extremely popular, even at an earlier phase. Now that the dust has settled, it’s time to gear up and get ready for primary 1 maths!

According to the Ministry of Education (MOE), the P1 curriculum is designed to be accessible, so children with no prior knowledge in the subject will not be disadvantaged.

Nonetheless, here is a list of skills that could be proven helpful to prepare your child for primary 1 maths!

**Whole numbers**

- Rote-counting numbers in sequence up to 100
- Counting objects up to 20
- Reading and writing the numerals and words from 1 to 20 (e.g. “12” and “twelve”)
- Comparing quantities (more or less)
- Complete basic number patterns (e.g. 1, 2, __, __, 5, 6)

**Addition & Subtraction**

- Adding and subtracting within 20 using strategies such as counting on and counting backwards
- Drawing number bonds up to 10 (e.g. 1 and 9, 2 and 8 etc)

**Multiplication & Division**

While the multiplication tables are not formally introduced until primary school, the concept of multiplication and division can be easily taught. Use real life examples such as counting the number of wheels on a number of bicycles, sharing a plate of fruits with each other, sorting sweets into goody bags etc.

Ask your child questions such as the ones below:

“A car has 4 wheels. Draw 10 cars. How many wheels does 10 cars have?” This illustrates the concept of multiplication, where 10 groups of 4 makes 40.

“There are 4 oranges. How many oranges do 2 people get each?” This illustrated the concept of division, where 4 is split into 2 groups of 2.

**Other important skills**

- Identifying basic 2D shapes
- Comparing sizes, length, height and weights
- Recognising all denomination of coins and small denominations of notes

Begin the love for math by getting your child to appreciate that math is in our everyday lives. Get your child to help out in in daily activities, such as weighing the ingredients in cooking, setting the table, pointing out prices of products at the supermarkets or stationery shops and so on. For children who are not ready to work on the primary 1 maths curriculum,

they will be placed in the school’s Learning Support Programme where help will be rendered for them to catch up.

Hope these tips will help your child to be all ready for primary 1 maths!

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